24 Calaamadaha Muhiimka ah ee Farxadda & amp; Farxad leh Macnaha

24 Calaamadaha Muhiimka ah ee Farxadda & amp; Farxad leh Macnaha
David Meyer

Waxa la yidhi sawirku kun eray buu ku fadhiyaa. Isku dayga ah in si ka sii wanaagsan oo degdeg ah loo gudbiyo qoraallo, fikrado, iyo fikrado kakan, dadka dhaqamada kala duwani waxay adeegsadeen calaamado iyo calaamado.

Taasina waxay ku socotaa dhinaca shucuurta sida farxadda, rayn-rayntu, iyo raynrayntu. farxad taariikhda.

Shaxda Tusmada
    >
> 1. Dhoola-caddayn (Universal) Caruur dhoolla-caddeynaysa / Astaanta Caalamiga ah ee Farxada iyo Farxadda

Jamie Turner via Pixabay

>
Dhaqanka aadanaha, waxaa ka mid ah calaamadaha aadka loo aqoonsan yahay ee farxadda, raaxaysiga, iyo rayn-rayntu waa dhoola cadeynta.

Dhoola caddayntu waxa loo yaqaanaa in ay leedahay saamayn maskaxeed oo xooggan oo togan, iyada oo ay kuwa kale kuu arkaan in aad khatar yar tahay oo laga jecel yahay.

Marka taas la yiraahdo, kala duwanaansho dahsoon ayaa ka jira dhaqamo kala duwan sida loo arko dhoola cadeynta qofka.

Tusaale ahaan, Bariga Aasiya, u dhoola cadeynta badan ee qof kale waxaa loo arkaa calaamad xanaaq iyo xanaaq.

Dhanka kale, qaar ka mid ah wadamada Yurub sida Ruushka iyo Norway, qofka u dhoola cadeynaya shisheeyaha inta badan waxaa loo arkaa inuu yahay shaki, caqli la'aan, ama Mareykan. (1)

2. Dragonfly (Native Americans)

Dragonfly / Astaanta Farxadda ee Dhaladka Maraykanka

Thanasis Papazacharias via Pixabay

>
> Qaar badan oo ka mid ah qabiilooyinka u dhashay ee Cusub> Coyote / Astaanta godka khiyaanada

272447 iyada oo loo sii marayo Pixabay

Koote-ku waa nooc dhexdhexaad ah oo canine ah oo u dhashay Ameerika. Waxa ay caan ku tahay in ay aad u khiyaamo badan tahay iyada oo ay ugu wacan tahay caqligeeda iyo la qabsigeeda. (36)

Sidoo kale eeg: Astaanta Geedka Dogwood (8 Macnaha ugu sarreeya)

Dhaqamo badan oo Columbia ka hor ah, coyote ayaa inta badan lala xiriiriyay ilaahnimadooda khiyaanada ah. (37)

Diinta Aztec, tusaale ahaan, xayawaanku wuxuu ahaa dhinac ka mid ah Huehuecóyotl, oo ah ilaaha muusiga, qoob ka ciyaarka, xumaanta, iyo xafladaha.

Si ka duwan muujinta ilaahnimada khiyaanada leh ee khuraafaadyo badan oo Adduunyo hore ah, Huehuecóyotl waxa uu ahaa ilaah yar.

Mowduuca caanka ah ee sheekadiisu waa isaga oo khiyaano ku ciyaaraya ilaahyo kale iyo sidoo kale aadanaha, taas oo aakhirka dib u soo noqon doonta oo dhab ahaantii u keeni doonta dhib ka badan kuwii uu damacsanaa. (38)

21. Brick (Shiinaha)

>> bulukeeti / Calaamadda Zhengshen

Sawirka lahaanshaha: pxfuel.com

>> In khuraafaadka Shiinaha , Fude Zhengshen waa ilaaha barwaaqada, farxadda, iyo mudnaanta.

Sidoo kale waa mid ka mid ah ilaahyada ugu da'da weyn, sidaas darteed, ilaahyada dhulka qoto dheer (houtu). (39) Inkastoo uusan sitaan calaamado rasmi ah, hal shay oo loo adeegsan karo wakiilkiisa waa leben. 1><0 1      Haddaba sidaas daraaddeed saddex leben bay derbi ka dhiganayeen, midna saqafkii.Si lama filaan ah, qoysku wuxuu noqday mid aad u hodan ah ducadiisii. 1><0 22 Bulshooyin badan oo Aasiyada Bari ah, xitaa haddaysan ku dhaqmin Budhisnimada maanta, dhaqamadooda si weyn ayay diinta u qaabaysay.

Tani waxa ku jira qaar badan oo ka mid ah tirooyinka khuraafaadkooda. Mid ka mid ah kuwan oo kale waa Budai (macnaha macneheedu waa 'joonnada dharka'), oo inta badan loo yaqaan Galbeedka sida Budhha qosolka leh. (41)

Waxaa lagu sawiray raahib-caloosha oo buuran oo dhoola cadeynaya oo sita joonyado maro ah, muuqaalkiisa waxaa lala xiriiriyaa muran, barwaaqo, iyo barwaaqo.

Sidoo kale eeg: Maxay Gargoyles astaan ​​u tahay? ( 4ta Macnaha ugu sarreeya)

Sida laga soo xigtay halyeeyada, Budai wuxuu ahaa shakhsi taariikhi ah oo dhab ah oo leh hadiyad si sax ah loo saadaaliyo hantida dadka.

Markii uu dhintay, waxa la sheegay in uu ka tagay qoraal uu ku sheegayo in uu yahay jidh-jidkii Maitreya (Budha mustaqbalka). (42)

23. Dhegaha hadhuudhka (Baltics)

Sawirka kaydka dhegta hadhuudhka / Astaanta Potrimpo

Denise Hartmann iyada oo loo marayo Pixabay

>
>Ilaa Ilaa qarniyadii dhexe ee dambe, inta badan waxa maanta ka jira gobolka Baltic waxaa deggenaa dhaqamada jaahiliga.

Wax badan lagama yaqaanno dhaqankooda iyo caadooyinkooda sababtoo ah ciidammadii Masiixiyiinta ee qabsaday waxay danaynayeen kaliya inay gobolka beddelaan. (43)

Kuwa yarkheyraadkii badbaaday, waxaan dib u raacnay wixii aan awoodno sida bulshada Baltic ka hor ay ahaan jirtay.

Ilaahyada ugu muhiimsan ee ay caabudi jireen waxa ka mid ahaa Potrimpo, oo ah ilaaha badaha, guga, hadhuudhka, iyo farxadda.

ayaa waxaa loogataa'aasay is-soo-saareyaal dhallinyaro ah oo faraxsan (44)

24. Badger iyo Magpie (Shiinaha)

Dhaqanka Shiinaha, calaamaduhu waxa ay ka dhigan yihiin farxad, magpie-kuna waxa uu u taagan yahay farxadda ku xidhan dhinacyada bulshada sida ka qaybgalka xafladaha iyo dhacdooyinka farxadda leh.

Labada xayawaan marka la isku sawiro waxay astaan ​​u yihiin farxadda dhulka iyo samada labadaba.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, haddii magpie lagu sawiro in lagu dhejiyay in taas beddelkeeda loola jeedo in lagu muujiyo farxad mustaqbalka. (45) (46)

Ka eeg halkan farshaxanka Badger iyo Magpie, farshaxanimada Bridget Syms.

Adiguba adiga

Ma taqaanaa wax kale astaamo muhiim ah oo farxad iyo farxad leh taariikhda ? Noogu sheeg faallooyinka hoose, waxaanan ka fiirsan doonaa ku darista liiska kore.

Sidoo kale eeg:>>>
    > 8-da Ubax ee ugu Sarreysa ee Farxada Astaanta > 8-da Ubax ee ugu Sarreysa ee Astaanta Farxadda > 3>0 Tixraacyada >>
      >Gorvett, Zaria. Waxaa jira 19 nooc oo dhoola cadeyn ah laakiin lix kaliya ayaa loogu talagalay farxadda. BBC Mustaqbalka . [Online] 2017. //www.bbc.com/future/article/20170407-sababta-dhammaan-dhoola-caddaynta-isku-mid-ahaan-ma ahaDRAGONFLY. Sundance . [Online] 5 23, 2018. //blog.sundancecatalog.com/2018/05/the-sacred-symbolism-of-dragonfly.html. >
    1. Astaanta Dragonfly . Dhaqamada Maraykanka Asaliga ah . [Online] //www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/native-american-symbols/dragonfly-symbol.htm.
    2. Homer. Iliyaad. 762 BC.
    3. Venus iyo Kaabashka. Eden, P.T. s.l. : Hermes, 1963.
    4. Laetitia. Thalia ayaa qaadatay. [Online] //www.thaliatook.com/OGOD/laetitia.php.
    5. Geotz, Hermann. Farshaxanka Hindiya: shan kun oo sano oo fanka Hindiya ah,. 1964.
    6. Bhikkhu, Thanissaro. Dareen la Hagayo. [Online] //web.archive.org/web/20060613083452///www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/thanissaro/guided.html.
    7. Shurpin, Yuuda. Maxay qaar badan oo Chassidim ahi u xidhaan Shtreimels (Koofiyadaha dhogorta leh)? [Online] //www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/3755339/jewish/Why-Do-Many-Chassidim-Wear-Shtreimels-Fur-Hats.htm.
    8. Breslo, Rabbi Nachman ee . Likkutei Maharan.
    9. Dvar Tawreed ee Elul. [Online] //www.breslov.org/dvar/zmanim/elul3_5758.htm.
    10. Astaanta Bluebird & Macnaha (+Totem, Ruuxa & Omens). Shimbiraha aduunka . [Online] //www.worldbirds.org/bluebird-symbolism/.
    11. Astaanta Maeterlinck: shimbirta buluuga ah, iyo qormooyinka kale". Kiiska Internetka . [Online] //archive.org/stream/maeterlinckssymb00roseiala/maeterlinckssymb00roseiala_djvu.txt.
    12. Labada nasiib ee Shiinaha. ShiinahaQodobbada ugu muhiimsan . [Online] //www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/culture/lucky-numbers-and-colors-in-chinese-culture.htm.
    13. Waqti gaar ah oo farxad labanlaab ah. Dunida Shiinaha . [Online] 11 10, 2012. //www.theworldofchinese.com/2012/10/a-special-time-for-double-farxadda/.
    14. Waa maxay macnaha ubax gabbaldayaha: Astaanta, Ruuxa iyo khuraafaadka. Farxadda ubaxa gabbaldayaha . [Online] //www.sunflowerjoy.com/2016/04/meaning-sunflower-symbolism-spiritual.html.
    15. Lily of the Valley Flower Meaning and Symbolism. Ubax . [Online] 7 12, 2020. //florgeous.com/lily-of-the-valley-flower-meaning/.
    16. Smith, Edie. Maxay la odhan ah Lily macnaheedu? [Online] 6 21, 2017. //www.gardenguides.com/13426295-waa maxay-macnaha-of-lily-of-the-valley.html.
    17. Hagaha dhammaystiran ee Calaamadaha Buddhist . Dhaqamada Aasiyada Bari . [Online] //east-asian-cultures.com/buddhist-symbols.
    18. Ku saabsan Sideeda Calaamadood ee Wanaagsan. Macluumaad Buddhist ah . [Online] //www.buddhistinformation.com/about_the_eight_auspicious_symbo.htm.
    19. GYE W’ANI> ISKU raaxayso. Adinkra Summada . [Online] //www.adinkrabrand.com/knowledge-hub/adinkra-symbols/gye-wani-enjoy-yourself/.
    20. Gye W’ani (2019). Dareen Adinkra . [Online] //www.passion-adinkra.com/Gye_W_ani.CC.htm.
    21. Calanka Buddhist: Midabada astaanta u ah waxbaridda iftiiminta. Waqooyi Bari Hadda . [Online] //nenow.in/north-east-news/assam/buddhist-flag-symbolic-colors-of-enlightening-teaching.html.
    22. Calanka Buddhist: Taariikhda iyo macnaha. Farshaxanka Buddhist . [Online] 9 19, 2017. //samyeinstitute.org/sciences/arts/buddhist-flags-history-meaning/.
    23. Wunjo. Astaanta . [Online] //symbolikon.com/downloads/wunjo-norse-runes/.
    24. 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Anna Perenna. Wikisource . [Online] //en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Anna_Perenna.
    25. Anna Perenna . Thalia ayaa qaadatay. [Online] //www.thaliatook.com/OGOD/annaperenna.php.
    26. William Smith, William Wayte. THYRSUS. Qaamuuska qadiimiga Giriiga iyo Roomaanka (1890). [Online] //www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0063:entry=thyrsus-cn.
    27. Euripides. Bacchae. Athens: s.n., 405 BC.
    28. Shichi-fuku-jin. Encyclopedia Britannica. [Online] //www.britannica.com/topic/Shichi-fuku-jin.
    29. > 21> Khuraafaadka Macbadka iyo Caannimada Xajka Kannon ee Japan: Daraasad Kiis ee Oya-ji Wadada Bando. MacWilliams, Mark W. 1997.
    30. COCA-MAMA. Ilaah Hubiye . [Online] //www.godchecker.com/inca-mythology/COCA-MAMA/.
    31. INKA GODDESSES. Goddess-Guide.com . [Online] //www.goddess-guide.com/inka-goddesses.html.
    32. Bangdel., John Huntington iyo Dina. Goobaha Nicmada: Buddhist MeditationalFanka. Columbus : Columbus Museum of Art, 2004.
    33. Simmer-Brown, Judith. Neefta diirran ee Dakini: Mabda'a Dumarka ee Buddhismka Tibetan.
    34. Harris. Dhaqanka Materialism: Halgankii Cilmiga Dhaqanka. New York : s.n., 1979.
    35. HUEHUECOYOTL. Ilaah Hubiye . [Online] //www.godchecker.com/aztec-mythology/HUEHUECOYOTL/.
    36. Codex Teleriano-Remensis . Austin: Jaamacadda Texas, 1995.
    37. Stevens, Keith G. Ilaahyada khuraafaadka Shiinaha. s.l. : Oxford University Press, 2001.
    38. Sin, Hok Tek Ceng. Kitab Suci Amurva Bumi .
    39. Dan, Taigen. Bodhisattva Archetypes: Buddhist Classic Guides to Baraaruga iyo Muujintooda Casriga ah. s.l. : Penguin, 1998.
    40. wuxuu ahaa Chan Master Pu-tai. Chapin, H.B. s.l. : Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1933.
    41. Hordhac Hore: Taariikhda Dhaqanka ee Dadka Baltiga. s.l. : Central European University Press, 1999.
    42. Puhvel, Jaan. Qaab dhismeedka Indo-Yurub ee Baltic Pantheon. Khuraafaad ku jirta Indo-Yurub qadiimiga. 1974.
    43. Calaamadaha Xayawaanka ee Qurxinta, Farshaxanka Qurxinta - Caqiidada Shiinaha, iyo Feng Shui. Qaramada Online . [Online] //www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/Chinese_Customs/animals_symbolism.htm.
    44. Astaanta xayawaanka ee fanka Shiinaha 兽 shòu. Shiinaha Sge . [Online] //www.chinasage.info/symbols/animals.htm.

    Madaxasharafta sawirka: Sawirka Mickey Estes oo ka socda Pixabay

    Dunidu, maslaxadu waxay astaan ​​u ahayd farxad, xawli, iyo daahirnimo, iyo sidoo kale isbeddelka.

    Astaantan maaha wax lala yaabo; Dragonfly waxay inta badan nolosheeda hore ku bixisaa biyaha hoostooda ka dibna waxay si buuxda hawada u qaaddaa markuu weynaado.

    Sadexdan sarbeebtu waxa loo arkaa mid maskaxiyan qaan gaadhay oo luminaysa xidhidhiyaha shucuurta iyo fikradaha taban ee iyaga xannibay. (2) (3)

    3. Rose (Greco-Roman ilbaxnimo)

    Rose / Calaamada Venus

    Marisa04 iyada oo loo sii marayo Pixabay

    >
    > Rose waxay calaamad u ahayd Aphrodite-Venus, ilaahadda Greco-Roman ee ugu badan ee la xidhiidha jacaylka iyo quruxda laakiin sidoo kale xamaasad iyo barwaaqo.

    Dhaqdhaqaaqeeda waxaa laga yaabaa inay asal ahaan ka soo jeedaan Finisiyaanka, iyadoo ku saleysan cibaadada Astarte, oo lafteedu ahayd soo dejinta Sumer, oo ka timid cibaadada Ishtar-Inanna.

    Ilaahnimadu waxa ay si gaar ah door muhiim ah ugu lahayd khuraafaadka Roomaanka, isaga oo ah awoowga dhammaan dadka Roomaanka iyada oo loo marayo wiilkeeda, Aeneas. (4) (5)

    4. Rudder Ship's (Rome hore)

    Barroosin qadiimi ah oo Roomaan ah oo ku dhex jira madxafka qadiimiga ah ee Nemi ee Talyaaniga / Calaamadda Laetitia

    Photo 55951398

    Ururkani ma ahayn rankh. Roomaanka dhexdooda, waxaa la aaminsanaa in aasaaska farxadda boqortooyadooda ay ku jirtoawood u leh in uu maamulo oo uu hago habka dhacdooyinka.

    Beddelkeeda, runder-ka waxa loo isticmaali karay tixraac ku saabsan ku tiirsanaanta boqortooyadu ku tiirsan tahay hadhuudhka laga keeno gobollada koonfureed sida Masar. 6

    > Dharma Chakra, oo lagu sawiray taayir siddeed af leh, waa calaamad aad u muqadas ah diimo badan oo Dharmic ah.

    Budhiism-ka, waxa ay ka dhigan tahay Jidka Siddeed laabma ee Noble - dhaqamada u horseedaya qofka xaalad xornimo iyo farxad dhab ah oo loo yaqaan Nirvana. (7)

    Budhiistiintu waxay qabeen aragti gaar ah oo ku saabsan waxa farxadda dhabta ah ka dhigan.

    Marka la eego macnaha Buddhist, waxa kaliya oo lagu gaadhi karaa in laga gudbo rabitaanka nooc kasta, oo lagu gaadhi karo ku celcelinta wadada Sideedaad. (8)

    6. Shtreimel (Hasidism)

    Shtreimel / Astaanta Hasidism

    Arielinson, CC BY-SA 4.0, iyada oo loo marayo Wikimedia Commons

    >
    0>Shtreimel waa nooc ka mid ah koofiyadaha dhogorta ah ee ay xidhaan Yuhuuda qadiimiga ah, gaar ahaan xubnaha ururka Hasidic, oo ay ka mid tahay nooc calaamad ah. (9)

    Hasidism, sidoo kale mararka qaarkood loo yaqaan Chassidism, waa dhaqdhaqaaq Yuhuudi ah oo soo ifbaxday qarnigii 18aad.

    Qodobka muhiimka u ah hab-nololeedka Hasidic waa in qofku uu faraxsanaado. Waxaa la rumeysan yahay in qofka faraxsan uu aad uga awood badan yahay inuu u adeegoIlaah ka badan marka la murugoodo ama murugaysan.

    Erayadii aasaasaha dhaqdhaqaaqa, farxadda waxaa loo tixgeliyey "" amar rasmi ah, mitzvah "." (10) (11)

    7. Bluebird (Yurub)

    > Mountain bluebird / astaanta Yurub ee farxadda

    Naturelady via Pixabay

    >
    >In Yurub, bluebirds ayaa inta badan lala xiriiriyay farxad iyo bishaaro wanaagsan.

    Dhaqdhaqaaqyadii hore ee Lorraine, bluebirds ayaa loo arkayay inay yihiin wax-soo-saarka farxadda.

    Qarnigii 19-aad, oo qisooyinkan lagu dhiirigelinayo, qoraayo badan oo reer Yurub ah iyo abwaanno ayaa hal-ku-dhig la mid ah ku darsaday hawlahooda suugaanta.

    Caqiidooyinka Masiixiyiinta qaarkood, bluebirds ayaa sidoo kale loo malaynayay inay keenaan farriimaha rabbaaniga ah. (12) (13)

    8. Shuangxi (Shiinaha)

    Xafladda arooska Shiinaha ee shaaha / astaanta Shiinaha ee farxadda

    css, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Shuangxi waa calaamad shiinees ah oo garaaf ah oo macno ahaan u tarjumeysa 'Double Happy'. Waxaa inta badan loo shaqeeyaa sidii nasiib wanaag, iyadoo lagu shaqaaleysiiyay qurxinta dhaqameed iyo qurxinta, gaar ahaan dhacdooyinka sida guurka.

    Astaantu waxay ka kooban tahay laba nuqul oo la cufan oo jilaha Shiinaha ah 喜 (farxad). Caadi ahaan waa midab casaan ama dahab ah - kii hore laftiisa ayaa matalaya farxad, qurux, iyo nasiib wacan iyo kan dambe oo matalaya hodantinimada iyo sharafta. (14) (15)

    9. Qorraxda (galbeed)

    > Calceloce / astaanta ubaxa ee qorraxda

    Bruno /Germany iyada oo loo sii marayo Pixabay

    >

    Tan iyo markii ay heleen markii ugu horreysay ee sahamiyayaashii hore ee Yurub, ubaxan quruxda badan ayaa qaatay waqti yar si weyn uga koraan badweynta Atlantiga.

    Ubaxa gabbaldayaha ayaa calaamad u ah ururo badan oo wanaagsan, oo ay ku jiraan diirimaad iyo farxad.

    Waxay u badan tahay in tani ay ka timid u ekaanshaha ubaxa qorraxda.

    Waa wax caadi ah in ubaxa gabbaldayaha la soo bandhigo ama loo isticmaalo qurxinta munaasabadaha farxadda leh sida aroosyada, qubeyska dhallaanka, iyo maalmaha dhalashada. (16)

    10. Lily of the Valley (Great Britain)

    Lily of the Valley / British calaamad farxad

    liz galbeed ka Boxborough, MA, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

    Sidoo kale loo yaqaan ubaxa May , ubaxa xilliga gu'ga ilaa wakhtiyadii Victoria ee Great Britain wuxuu u yimid inuu muujiyo farxad, isagoo ka mid ah dhirta ugu jecel ee Queen Victoria iyo sidoo kale qaar badan oo kale oo royals ah.

    Ingriiska sheeko-xariireedka, waxa la sheegay in markii St. Leonard of Sussex uu ku guulaystay in uu dilo cadowgiisii ​​masduulaagii, in ubaxyadani ay ubaxeen xuska guushiisa meel kasta oo dhiigga masduulaagu daadshay.

    Hal mar, waxa sidoo kale loo adeegsaday soo jiidasho ilaalineed, iyadoo dadku ay rumaysnaayeen inay iska ilaalin karto jinniyada sharka leh. 17pxfuel.com

    Dhaqanka Dharmic, labo kalluun oo dahab ah waa Ashtamangala (sifada xurmada leh), iyada oo kalluunka kasta uu u taagan yahay labada webi ee xurmada leh - Ganges iyo Yamuna Nadi .

    Budhiism-ka, gaar ahaan, astaantoodu waxay la xidhiidhaa xorriyadda iyo farxadda iyo sidoo kale labada tiir ee ugu muhiimsan ee waxbaridda Budhha; nabad iyo wada noolaansho.

    Tani waxay ka imanaysaa aragtida ah in kalluunku si xor ah ugu dhex dabbaalan karaan biyaha, iyada oo aan laga welwelin khataraha aan la garanayn ee gunta hoose ku jira.

    Si la mid ah, qofku waa inuu ku dhex wareegaa adduunkan rafaadka iyo khiyaanada leh isagoo maskaxdiisa nabad ku nool oo aan walwal lahayn. (19) (20)

    12. Gye W'ani (West Africa)

    Gye W'ani / Adinkra calaamad farxad, raynrayn, iyo qosol

    Sawirka 167617290 © Dreamsidhe – Dreamstime.com

    Bulshada Akan dhexdeeda, adinkra waa calaamado loo isticmaalo in lagu gudbiyo fikrado iyo fikrado aan la taaban karin oo kala duwan.

    Calaamadaha Adinkra waa qayb ka mid ah dhaqanka Galbeedka Afrika, oo laga helo dharkooda, dhismahooda, iyo taallooyinkooda.

    Adinkra calaamada farxada, rayn rayn iyo qosolka waa Gye W’ani , taas oo macnaheedu yahay in aad naftaada ku raaxaysato, samayso wax kasta oo ku farxad galinaya, noloshaadana ugu noolaato si buuxda.

    Astaanta Adinkra waxa loo qaabeeyey sida jaanta chess-ka boqorada, lagana yaabo in ay boqoraddu nolosheeda ku nooshahay iyada oo aan walwal iyo xaddidaad lahayn. (21) (22)

    13. Calanka Buddhist (Budhiism)

    Astaanta Budhiismka

    CC BY-SA 3.0 Lahiru_k via Wikimedia

    Waxa la sameeyay qarnigii 19-aad, calanka Buddhist waxa loola jeedaa in uu u adeego sida astaanta caalamiga ah ee diinta.

    Midab kasta oo calanku ku yaal waxa uu u taagan yahay dhinaca Budhha:

    >
      , taas oo ka fogaanaysa labada daraf
    • guduudku waxa uu ka dhigan yahay barakooyinka ku dhaqanka kuwaas oo ah xikmad, sharaf, karaamo, iyo maal
    • waxay muujinaysaa xikmada ku jirta waxbarista Budha.
    Ugu dambeyntii, kooxda lixaad ee toosan, oo laga sameeyay isku dhafka midabadaas waxaa loola jeedaa Pabbhassara - Xaqiiqda waxbaridda Budhha. (23) (24)

    14. Wunjo (Norse)

    Wunjo rune / calaamada Nordic ee farxadda

    Armando Olivo Martín del Campo, CC BY-SA 4.0, iyada oo loo marayo Wikimedia Commons

    Runes waxay ahaayeen calaamado loo isticmaalo in lagu qoro luqadaha jarmalka ka hor inta aan la qaadan Xarfaha Laatiinka.

    Marka la dhaho, runes waxay ahaayeen wax ka badan dhawaaq ama xaraf; waxay matalayeen mabaadi'da ama fikradaha kosmological qaarkood.

    Tusaale ahaan, xarafka Wunjo (ᚹ) wuxuu tilmaamayaa farxad, raynrayn, qanacsanaan iyo sidoo kale wehel dhow. (25)

    15. Dayax buuxa (Roman)

    > Dayax buuxa / Calaamada Anna Perenna

    chiplanay via Pixabay

    Dayax buuxa waxa laga yaabaa inuu ahaa astaanta Anna Perenna, ilaaha Roomaanka ee la xidhiidha Sannadka Cusub iyo sidoo kale cusboonaysiinta, cimri dheer, iyo fara badan.

    I damaashadeeda waxa lagu qaban jiray Ides of March (Maarso 15), taas oo calaamad u ahayd dayax buuxa ee taariikhda Roomaanka.

    Laba allabaryo guud iyo mid gaar ahaaneedba waa loo bixin doonaa iyada munaasabadda si loo helo sannad cusub oo caafimaad qaba oo farxad leh. (26) (27)

    16. Thyrsus ( Ilbaxnimada Giriiga-Romanka)

    Dionysus oo haysta thysus / Calaamadda Dionysus

    Carole Raddato oo ka socda FRANKFURT, Jarmalka, CC BY -SA 2.0, iyada oo loo sii marayo Wikimedia Commons

    >

    Tyrsus waxay ahayd nooc ka mid ah shaqaalaha laga sameeyay jirida fennel weyn oo inta badan lagu kor dabo geed geed ama canab.

    Waxay ahayd calaamada iyo hubka ilaahii Greco-Roman, Dionysus-Bacchus, ilaaha khamriga, barwaaqada, waallida, waallida caadada ah iyo sidoo kale raaxaysi iyo raaxaysi. (28)

    Qaadista usha waxay samaysay qayb muhiim ah oo ka mid ah caadooyinka iyo cibaadada la xidhiidha ilaahnimada. (29)

    17. Biwa (Japan)

    Biwa / Astaanta Benten

    Madxafka Farshaxanka Magaalada, CC0, iyada oo loo sii marayo Wikimedia Commons

    >
    > Khuraafaadka Jabbaan, Benten waa mid ka mid ah Shichi-fuku-jin - Toddobada ilaahyada Japan ee la xidhiidha nasiibka iyo farxadda. (30)

    Shakhsi ahaan, iyadu waa ilaaha wax kasta oo qulqulaya, oo ay ku jiraan biyaha, wakhtiga, hadalka, xigmadda, iyo muusikada.

    Dhaqankeedu waa runtiisoo dejin shisheeye, isagoo asal ahaan ka yimid ilaahadda Hindu, Saraswathi.

    Sida dhigeeda Hinduuga, Benten waxa kale oo inta badan lagu sawiraa isagoo haysta qalab muusig oo ah biwa, oo ah nooc ka mid ah luubta Japan. (31)

    18. Geedka Coca (Inca)

    Warshad Kookaha / Astaanta Cocamama

    H. Zell, CC BY-SA 3.0, iyada oo loo sii marayo Wikimedia Commons

    Cocamama wuxuu ahaa ilaah Andean ah oo la xidhiidha farxad, caafimaad, iyo qaadashada maandooriyaha madadaalada, calaamadeeda rasmiga ahi waxay ahayd geedka Coca.

    Sida laga soo xigtay sheeko-yaqaanka Inca, Cocamama waxay asal ahaan ahayd haweeney xiisa badan oo ay kala gooyeen dad is jeclaaday oo hinaasay ka dibna loo beddelay geedkii kookaha ee ugu horreeyay adduunka. (32)

    Bulshada Incan dhexdeeda, geedka waxaa badanaa loo ruugi jiray sida maandooriyaha khafiifka ah ee madadaalada waxaana sidoo kale wadaaddada u adeegsan jiray qurbaannada caado ah ee loo yaqaan K'intus. (33)

    19. Kartika (Budhiism)

    Quartz Kartrika 18-19aad qarnigii

    Rama, CC BY-SA 3.0 FR, via Wikimedia Commons

    >>

    Kartika waa nooc ka mid ah mindi fiiqan oo qaabaysan oo yar, gaar ahaan loo isticmaalo caadooyinka tantric iyo xafladaha Buddhismka Vajrayana.

    Sidoo kale waa mid ka mid ah calaamadaha ugu caansan ee ilaahyada xanaaqa leh sida Ekajati, ilaahadda ilaaliyaha ee mantra sirta ah, waxayna la xiriirtaa fidinta farxadda iyo caawinta dadka inay ka gudbaan caqabadaha shakhsi ahaaneed ee waddada iftiinka. . (34) (35)

    20. Coyote (Aztec)




David Meyer
David Meyer
Jeremy Cruz, taariikhyahan xamaasad leh iyo bare, waa maskaxda hal-abuurka ka dambeysa blog-ka soo jiidashada leh ee taariikhda jecel, macallimiinta, iyo ardaydooda. Jacayl qoto dheer oo la soo dhaafay iyo ballanqaad aan leexleexad lahayn oo lagu faafinayo aqoonta taariikhiga ah, Jeremy wuxuu isu taagay inuu yahay ilo xogeed iyo dhiirigelin lagu kalsoon yahay.Safarka Jeremy ee dunida taariikhda waxa uu bilaabmay yaraantiisii, isaga oo si xamaasad leh u cunay buug kasta oo taariikheed oo uu gacantiisa ku heli karo. Isaga oo aad u xiiseeya sheekooyinka xadaaradaha hore, xilliyada muhiimka ah ee waqtiga, iyo shakhsiyaadka qaabeeyey adduunkeena, waxa uu ilaa yaraantiisii ​​ogaa in uu doonayo in uu dareenkan dadka kale la wadaago.Kadib markii uu dhammaystay waxbarashadiisa rasmiga ah ee taariikhda, Jeremy waxa uu bilaabay xirfad macalinimo oo socotay muddo toban sano ah. Ballanqaadkiisa ku aaddan kobcinta jacaylka taariikhda ee ardaydiisa ayaa ahayd mid aan leexleexad lahayn, wuxuuna si joogto ah u raadiyay habab cusub oo uu ku mashquuliyo oo uu soo jiito maskaxda dhallinyarada. Aqoonsiga kartida tignoolajiyada inay tahay qalab waxbarasho oo xoog leh, wuxuu u soo jeestay inuu u jeediyo goobta dhijitaalka ah, isaga oo abuuray balooggiisa taariikhda saamaynta leh.Jeremy's blog waa marag madoonto ah sida uu ugu heelan yahay in uu taariikhda ka dhigo mid la heli karo oo laga wada qayb qaato. Qoraalkiisa aftahannimada ah, cilmi-baadhis xeel-dheer, iyo sheeko-xariir leh, waxa uu ku neefsadaa dhacdooyinkii hore, taas oo u sahlaysa akhristayaasha in ay dareemaan in ay marqaati ka yihiin in ay taariikhda hore u dhacayso.indhahooda. Haddi ay tahay sheeko dhif ah oo la yaqaan, si qoto dheer oo loo lafa guray dhacdo taariikhi ah oo la taaban karo, ama sahamin lagu sameeyay nolosha dadka saamaynta ku leh, qisooyinkiisa soo jiidashada leh waxa ay kasbadeen dad u heellan.Marka laga soo tago balooggiisa, Jeremy waxa kale oo uu si firfircoon uga qayb qaadanayaa dadaallada ilaalinta taariikhiga ah ee kala duwan, isaga oo si dhow ula shaqaynaya matxafyada iyo bulshooyinka taariikhiga ah ee deegaanka si loo hubiyo in sheekooyinkayaga hore loo ilaaliyo jiilalka mustaqbalka. Wuxuu caan ku yahay ka-qaybgalkiisa firfircoon ee hadalka iyo aqoon-is-weydaarsiyada macallimiinta, wuxuu had iyo jeer ku dadaalaa inuu ku dhiirrigeliyo kuwa kale inay si qoto dheer u galaan cajaladda hodanka ah ee taariikhda.Jeremy Cruz's blog wuxuu u adeegaa sidii marag madoonto ah sida uu uga go'an yahay in uu taariikhda ka dhigo mid la heli karo, ka qayb-gal, oo ku habboon adduunka maanta xawliga ku socda. Isaga oo leh awoodiisa aan fiicneyn ee uu ku qaadi karo akhristayaasha wadnaha waqtiyada taariikhiga ah, wuxuu sii wadaa inuu kobciyo jacaylkii hore ee xiisaha taariikhda, macalimiinta, iyo ardaydooda xiisaha leh si isku mid ah.